Many business people seem to operate under the unconscious assumption that they’ll gain a competitive advantage through a careful daily reading of the business press. They won’t. The same goes for fund managers seeking to generate “alpha”: the business press alone certainly won’t get you there.
They’re also unlikely to gain a decisive edge by combining the daily parade of conventional economic data with stale “strategic” frameworks like the BCG Matrix (which dates back to 1968), Porter’s Five Forces (created in 1979), or Value Chain Analysis (introduced in 1985). Anyone who has studied business in the last 30 years – including your competition – uses these. They also probably read the same newspapers and buy the same economic data. In short, the old-school “Business Strategy 101” toolkit is like a white shirt in your closet: always safe, sometimes useful, but not a decisive business edge. Face it: apart from their other limitations (see below), these old strategy models are fully depreciated. How is the unconsidered imitation of commonplace ideas “strategic”?
Fully Depreciated Thinking
There is no clearer path towards creating a strategically autistic culture or organization than by mistaking the very definition of strategy. That’s why to gain a competitive advantage in today’s world, you have to do more. In my view, that “more” starts by gaining an understanding of what actually constitutes business strategy, i.e. understanding the deep, structural forces that bear on the long-term success of firms, and how these forces can be engaged and harnessed. In the classes that I teach at IE, I argue that these deep forces are geopolitical. The metaphor that I use to explain my approach is that geopolitics shapes the climate of business, whereas the daily news and conventional economics – even macroeconomics – simply address the weather of business.